Happy Halloween!!!! (2)

Our work is done.
Now, it's time to put up our posters.

They're cool!!

Happy halloween

Are you doing anything special for halloween?

4th ESO A, B and C are!
We've looked for information about halloween: Why halloween? Why the name Jack-O-lantern? When did the trick or treat tradition start? and so on!!! And now, in English class we are making very nice posters!!!


Halloween, or Hallowe’en, is a holiday celebrated on the night of October 31. Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, ghost tours, bonfires, costume parties, visiting "haunted houses", carving Jack-o'-lanterns, reading scary stories and watching horror movies. Irish immigrants carried versions of the tradition to North America in the nineteenth century. Other western countries embraced the holiday in the late twentieth century. Halloween is celebrated in several countries of the Western world, most commonly in the United States, Canada, Ireland, Puerto Rico, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom and occasionally in parts of Australia. In Sweden the All Saints' official holiday takes place on the first Saturday of November.
***** Info taken here from Wikipedia



1) When to use it;
2) How to form it
3) Typical time expressions.
Download and Listen to this episode here
TENzine podcast is the audio service of the English Department of SAFA San Luis. It is available in http://www.podcast.tenzine.com.es/


By: Patricio Svensson, 1BTO D

I want to talk about my favorite sport. Here, in Spain, football or basketball are most known than rugby, but there are many people who love it so much like me. I define it:The rugby is a team sport born in England. In America is practiced primarily in Argentina, where he has deep-rooted and whose selection has achieved third place in the World Cup played in France in 2007. The very origins of soccer and rugby, where both sports were separated by mid-century XIX, both were presented in opposition of the other: strength vs. skill, etc... An old British sais: "football is a gentlemen's game played by villains and the rugby is a villains's game played by gentlemen."It is characteristic of rugby respect for the rules that players must practice both as the public. The referee's decisions are rarely discussed by the players and, more recently, in matches between international teams and many of the European championships as the Top 14.It is played by passing the ball with the hands always backwards, trying to get to the line of the opponent (when this happens is called "try") or passing the ball by the three sticks with a kick (when this happens is called "drop "). The ball must touch the ground before you shoot it.I hope that you have learned something of this sport and you want practice it.

Quiero hablar de mi deporte favorito. Aquí, en España, el fútbol o el baloncesto son más conocidos que el rugby, pero hay muchas personas que les gusta tanto como a mí. Lo defino: El rugby es un deporte de equipo nacido en Inglaterra. En América se practica principalmente en Argentina, donde tiene raíces profundas y cuya selección ha logrado el tercer lugar en la Copa del Mundo jugado en Francia en 2007. Los orígenes del fútbol y del rugby, cuando ambos deportes se separaron a mediados del siglo XIX, ambos se presentaron en la oposición de los demás: resistencia frente a habilidad, etc .. Un viejo británico dice: "el fútbol es un juego de caballeros jugado por villanos y el rugby es un juego de villanos jugado por caballeros". Es característico del rugby el respeto de las normas que los jugadores deben practicar tanto como el público en general. Las decisiones del árbitro rara vez son discutidas por los jugadores y, más recientemente, en los encuentros entre equipos internacionales, y muchos de los campeonatos europeos como el Top 14. Se juega pasando el balón con las manos siempre hacia atrás, tratando de llegar a la línea del oponente (cuando esto ocurre se llama "try") o pasar la pelota por los tres palos de una patada (cuando esto ocurre se llama " drop "). La pelota debe tocar el suelo antes de patearla. Espero que hayas aprendido algo de este deporte y te decidas a practicarlo.



By: Pablo Mellado, 4ESO A
Pau Gasol was born in July the 6th, 1980 in San Baudillo de Llobregat, Spain. He is a Spanish basket player and he plays in L.A Lakers, in NBA. He is the second Spanish basket player who plays in the NBA, after Fernando Martín. He has been the first Spanish chosen for playing the All Stars Game in NBA.In the Spanish National Team he got many successes: he won the World championship of Japan in 2006 and he runners-up of the European championship. Last summer he got a silver medal in the Olympic games of Beijing.

Pau Gasol nacio el 6 de julio de 1980 en San Baudillo de Llobregat, España. El es un jugador de baloncesto español, y juega en L.A. Lakers, en la NBA. El es el segundo español que juega en la NBA, despues de Fernando Martin. El ha sido el primer español en jugar el partido de los All Star en la NBA.
En la seleccion española ha conseguido muchos exitos: gano el mundial de Japón de 2006, y fue subcampeon en el campeonato de Europa. El verano pasado consiguio una medalla de plata en los juegos olimpicos de Beijing.



Adjectives give information about nouns.
Adverbs give information about the action.
Modal verbs set (describe) the special relationship between the speaker and the listeners or receivers of the message. In the following examples, we use the same message, but the relationship (the way the action takes place) changes according to the modal verb which is used in each situation.
i.e. Could you open the door?
i.e. May I open the door?
i.e. Would you open the door?
i.e. You cannot open the door.

- They do not need auxiliary verbs for questions or negative.
- They only have one form: they are invariable.
- They always precede an infinitive.
Semi-modals are a group of modals which have more than one form, they are variable. You can use them in past or future forms. i.e. to be able to, to have to

Modals are divided in groups according to their use:

CAN (informal), COULD (formal), WOULD (very formal)
i.e. Can you open the window, Peter?
i.e. Could you explain this question to me, sir?
i.e. Would you show me your passport, sir?

i.e. I can play the violin
i.e. I couldn't speak English when I was 6
i.e. I cannot speak Chinese
i.e. I will be able to speak English well after ten years.

CAN (informal), MAY (formal), TO BE ALLOWED TO

i.e. I can use the phone after class.
i.e. Can I use your dictionary, Susan?
i.e. May I ask you a question, sir?
i.e. You are not allowed to use your mobile in class.

SHOULD, OUGHT TO, HAD BETTER, MUST (strong recommendation)
i.e. You should study more if you want to get a 10.
i.e. You ought to be kind to your classmates.
i.e. You'd better stydy more if you want to get a 10.
i.e. You must study more in you want to get a 10.

MUST (soft obligation, your choice), TO HAVE TO, CANNOT, TO NEED TO, DON'T HAVE TO, NEEDN'T.
i.e. You must study more if you want to pass English.
i.e. You have to pass all my exams to get a 5 in June.
i.e. You cannot park your car here, it is for bikes only.
i.e. You need to show your passport to enter USA.
i.e. You don't have to do Presentations in 2nd Bachillerato.
i.e. You needn't do Presentations in 2nd Bachillerato.


i.e. You cannot live without oxigen
i.e. I couldn't live without you
i.e. John might be at home, but I am not sure of it.
i.e. Well you may fail the exam in you don't study enough.
i.e. You must be very intelligent to become an astronaut.

Modals are followed by Perfect Infinitive (INFINITIVE HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE) when they refer to past.
i.e. John may have failed the exam because he didn't study at all.
i.e. Mary must have copied from Alan, their exams are identical.


We USE PAST CONTINUOUS in the following situations:
- For actions running at a specific moment in the past.
i.e. I was sleeping at 5 o'click this morning
i.e. My wife was playing with our children yesterday at 6 o'clock.

- For
actions interrupted in the past.
i.e. I was watching TV when the electricity went off
i.e. She was doing her homework when you called her.

- For
simultaneous actions (running at the same time) in the past.
i.e. Yesterday, I was watching TV and my wife was reading a book.
- For
annoying habits in the past
i.e. That girl was always talking during my classes.
- For
actions running during a period of time in the past
i.e. Yesterday, I was studying all the afternoon.

Past of TO BE (was/were) + ING (suffix)
The past of irregular verbs corresponds to the second form (the second column)
The past form is the same for all persons.
i.e. Yesterday, I/you/he/she/we/they studied for the English exam.

Remember that some verbs change when we add the -ing suffix:
Final voiceless -e is droppedhave>having
Group -ie > ylie>lying
1 syllable cvcdouble consonantput>putting
- If final syllable is tonicdouble consonantforget>forgetting
Final l is doubletravel>travelling

We use TO BE as the AUXILIARY VERB for questions and negative. Remember to use the infinitive without 'to'.
i.e. You weren't writing at four yesterday afternoon
Was he doing the English exercises during my classes?


We USE PAST SIMPLE in the following situations:
- For actions done at a specific moment in the past.
i.e. Columbus discovered America in 1492
i.e. You came to my house yesterday.

- For
general descriptions in the past (saying how things were like).
i.e. When I was little, life was cheaper
i.e. My parents were good students in 1940.

- For
consecutive actions in the past.
i.e. First she opened the fridge and secondly she took the bottle of milk.
- For
narrations, for telling stories
i.e. ...then, Cinderella asked the prince to marry her. And they were happy forever.
*** For
habits in the past
i.e. Last year, I lived in Granada with my family.

We FORM PAST SIMPLE as follows:
Infinitive (without 'to') + ed (suffix)
The past of irregular verbs corresponds to the second form (the second column)
The past form is the same for all persons.
i.e. Yesterday, I/you/he/she/we/they studied for the English exam.

We use DID as the AUXILIARY VERB for questions and negative. Remember to use the infinitive without 'to'.
i.e. You didn't send me an email yesterday
Did he do the English exercises?


There are more than 150 English prepositions in English. However, the list below only contains the most commonly used.
The English prepositions are divided into one word, two word prepositions and three word prepositions. The two word and three word English prepositions are also known as prepositional phrases.
  • Words acting as prepositions always need an object (noun or noun phrase) to answer the question “What”.
  • Words acting as adverbs go alone. That’s the way to identify them.

One Word Prepositions

Two Word Prepositions
according to
ahead of
aside from
because of
close to
due to
except for
far from
inside of
instead of
near to
next to
out from
out of
outside of
regardless of

Three Word Prepositions
as far as
as well as
by means of
in accordance with
in addition to
in case of
in front of
in place of
in spite of
on account of
on behalf of
on top of
with regard to


The two verbs 'do' and 'make' are often confused. The meanings are similar, but there are differences.
'Do' for Activities
Use the verb 'do' to express daily activities or jobs. Notice that these are usually activities that do not produce any physical objects:
do homework
do housework
do the ironing
do the dishes
do a job

'Do' for General Ideas
Use the verb 'do' when speaking about things in general. In other words, when we do not exactly name an activity. This form is often used with the words 'something, nothing, anything, everything, etc.'
I'm not doing anything today.
He does everything for his mother.
She's doing nothing at the moment.
Important Standard Expressions with 'Do'

There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb 'do'. These are standard collocations (verb + noun combinations) that are used in English.
do one's best
do good
do harm
do a favour
do business

'Make' for Constructing, Building, Creating
Use 'make' to express an activity that creates something that you can touch: physical objects.
make food
make a cup of tea / coffee
make a mess

Important Standard Expressions with 'Make'
There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb 'make'. In a number of cases the verb 'do' seems more appropriate. These are standard collocations (verb + noun combinations) that are used in English.
make plans
make an exception
make arrangements
make a telephone call
make a decision
make a mistake
make noise
make money
make an excuse
make an effort


There are four types of phrasal verbs: Phrasal verbs can be separable or inseparable and they can take an object or not. Here is a guide to the basics of phrasal verbs.

Phrasal verbs which take objects can be separable or inseparable:
I picked the telephone up. OR I picked up the telephone.
They put their friends up. OR They put up their friends.

Separable phrasal verbs MUST be separated when the object is a pronoun:
I picked it up. NOT We picked up it.
They put them up. NOT They put up them.

But inseparable phrasal verbs are always inseparable (with or without pronoun).
We set off for the beach. / We set off for it.
They are looking after the children. / They are looking after them.

Phrasal verbs which don't take objects are ALWAYS INSEPARABLE.
The thieves got away.
The bus broke down on the way to work.
She got up early.

They brought up their children to respect others / They brought their children up
She took off her jacket before she began the lesson / She took her jacket off
The man picked up the telephone / The man picked the telephone up
Please, write down my new telephone number on your notebook / write it down

She was looking for her books when he arrived.
They set off for a wonderful holiday in Hawaii.
She looked after our children while we were out.

Some verbs are followed by two prepositions (or adverbs).
These phrasal verbs are
I'm looking forward to meeting John. OR I'm looking forward to meeting him.
They didn't get on with their mother. OR They didn't get on with her.


Jonas Brothers

By: Alejandro Milan, 1st BTO D
Kevin Jonas, Joe Jonas and Nick Jonas, Do you know who they are?
If you know them it is normal, but if you don't know who they are, you have to know that they are the new musical sensation in Spain as well as the USA.
They have been together since 2006 until now playing their particular pop and rock music. Theirs CD´s are:
The first in 2006: It's about time. Then, Jonas Brothers in 2007. Their latest A little bit longer in 2008.
Apart from their cd´s, they have appeared on the big screen with Camp Rock. And finally, the artists:
-Kevin is 20 years old and he is the oldest. He plays the guitar, the guitar bass and back up.
-Joe is 19 years old and is the 2nd oldest. He is the vocalist and plays the guitar, the keyboard, the drums and the tambourine.
-Nick is 16 years old and is the youngest. He is the vocalist and plays the keyboard, the guitar and the drums.
And here you can find one of their famous songs:
Kevin Jonas, Joe Jonas y Nick Jonas, ¿los conoces? Si es así es normal, si tú no los conoces, tienes que saber que son la nueva sensación tanto en España como en Estados Unidos. Llevan desde el 2006 hasta ahora tocando su estilo de música rockera y popera. Sus discos son: El 1º en 2006: It´s about time. Luego Jonas Brothers en 2007. El último A little bit longer en el 2008. Aparte de discos se han estrenado en la gran pantalla con Camp Rock. Y por último, los artistas:
-Kevin tiene 20 años y es el mayor. Es el que utiliza la guitarra, el bajo y hace las voces de fondo.
-Joe tiene 19 años y es el mediano. Es el vocalista y usa la guitarra, el teclado, la batería y la pandereta.
-Nick con 16 años es el menor. Es el vocalista y usa el teclado, la guitarra y la batería.
Y aquí puedes encontrar una de sus famosas canciones.
Web oficial en español:



1) What they are; 2) How to identify them; 3) Relatives; 4) Omission of Relatives; 5) Types.
Download and Listen to this episode here
TENzine Podcast is the audio service of the English Department of SAFA San Luis. It is available in http://www.podcast.tenzine.com.es/

Extraordinary Procession

By: Carlos Delgado, 4ESo A
Next 26 of October it´s going to be celebrated a very special procession in El Puerto de Santa María during a religious meeting in town. On Friday and on Saturday many religious people from other towns in Spain are going to do activities here like talks about the second sorrowful mystery of the Virgin María.On Sunday, at 7 o´clock all of them (the religious people from other places in Spain) are going to have a meeting in the Prioral church. Then, at 11,30 a.m. there is going to be the extraordinary procession which will enclose in San Joaquin church at 1.30 p.m.
El próximo 26 de Octubre se va a celebrar una procesión muy especial en el Puerto de Santa María durante un encuentro religioso en la ciudad. El viernes y el sábado mucha gente religiosa de otras ciudades de España van a hacer actividades aquí como charlas sobre el segundo misterio doloroso de la Virgen María.El domingo, a las 7 todos ellos (los religiosos de otras ciudades de España) van a tener un encuentro en la iglesia Prioral. Luego, a las 11.30 va a haber la procesión extraordinaria, la cual se encerrará en la iglesia de San Joaquin a la 1.30.


The Nightmare before Christmas

By: Rafael Íñigo, 4th ESO B
The Nightmare before Christmas is the most popular film of Tim Burton. He produced and co-wrote (with Henry Selick) it in 1993. It is based on Tim Burton's drawings and a poem he wrote!It tells the story of Jack Skellington, a skeleton who lives in Halloween Town. Every year, people in Halloween Town (witches, vampires, werewolves...) celebrate Halloween.But Jack is tired because of the repetitive yearly celebration of Halloween. He goes to a forest to relax, and he accidentally opens a portal to Christmas Town. That's how he discovers Christmas, and then he wants to celebrate it in Halloween Town.There are more characters in the film: Sally is Jack's girlfriend, she was created by Doctor Finklestein, who doesn't want Sally to go out because he thinks she will be in danger.Oogie Boogie is the villain. He wants to kindap Santa Claus. He's a compulsive gambler, this means he is obsessed with playing games like the roulette or poker! He looks like a sack. Zero is Jack's phantom dog.
This is a film I really like, and it's a film I recommend to see.
Pesadilla antes de Navidad es la película más popular de Tim Burton. Él la produjo y la co-escribió (con Henry Selick) en 1993. ¡Está basada en los dibujos de Tim Burton y un poema que él escribió!Cuenta la historia de Jack Sekeleton, un esqueleto que vive en Halloween Town. Cada año, la gente de Halloween Town (brujas, vampiros, hombres lobo...) celebran Halloween.Pero Jack está cansado por la repetitiva celebración anual de Halloween. Va a un bosque a relajarse, y accidentalmente abre un portal a Christmas Town (ciudad de la Navidad). Así es como descubre la Navidad, y quiere celebrarla en Halloween Town.Hay más personajes en la película: Sally es la novia de Jack, fue creada por el Doctor Finklestein, que no quiere que Sally salga fuera porque cree que estará en peligro.Oogie Boogie es el villano. Quiere secuestrar a Santa Claus. Es ludópata, que quiere decir ¡que está obsesionado con jugar a juegos como la ruleta o el póker! Parece un saco.Zero es el perro fantasma de Jack.Es una película que me gusta bastante, y la recomendaría ver.



Today, my pupils asked me for information about the strike organized for Wednesday 21 October. I could not give them any information because the strike was organized by the students' union. Then, I was given a document (a non-official one) including the reason for it. Well, they all seemed to be really important, but believe me if I say that these reasons cannot be considered true since it is impossible that the government stops offering grants to students. Students are worried for Bolonia's Agreement, but we need a common frame if we want to be competitive taking into account that we live in a free market area in Europe and everybody can work in any European country. It is obvious that all European students need to have the same requirements for the same academic titles, the same university degrees.
Hoy, los alumnos me pidieron información sobre la huelga organizada para el miércoles 21 de octubre. No pude darle ninguna porque la huelga fue organizada por el sindicato de estudiantes. Entonces me dieron un documento (uno no oficial) que incluía las razones de la misma. Bien, todas parecían ser realmente importantes, pero creedme si os digo que estas razones no pueden ser consideradas como verdaderas ya que es imposible que el gobierno deje de ofrecer becas a los estudiantes. Los alumnos están preocupados por el Acuerdo de Bolonia, pero necesitamos un marco común si queremos ser competitivos teniendo en cuenta que vivimos en un área de libre mercado común y todo el mundo puede trabajar en cualquier país de Europa. Es obvio que todos los estudiantes europeos necesitan tener los mismos requisitos para conseguir los mismos títulos académicos, las mismas licenciaturas.



Episode #004: PRESENT SIMPLE
1) when to use it
2) how to form it
3) Typical time expressions
4) Frequency adverbs.
Download and Listen to this episode here
TENzine podcast is the audio service of the English Department of SAFA San Luis. It is available in http://www.podcast.tenzine.com.es/



By: Rafael Íñigo, 4th ESO B
Rihanna is one of the most famous singers at the moment. You probably listened to one of her songs: "Umbrella", "Don't Stop the Music", "Hate that I Love You"...Rihanna was born the 20th of February, 1988 in Barbados. She started to sing when he was a child, but she did it only in school's shows. She released her first album when she was 17, it is called 'Music of the Sun', but it only had one single: 'Pon de Replay'.The second album was A Girl Like Me, it was released one year after 'Music of the Sun'. It increased Rihanna's popularity as a singer. A Girl Like Me had three singles: 'S.O.S.', 'Unfaithful' and 'We Ride'. Another year after 'A Girl Like Me', Rihanna released 'Good Girl Gone Bad' an album which made Rihanna a very popular and famous singer, well-known all over the world thanks to the first single of Good Girl Gone Bad: 'Umbrella'. Did you know 'Umbrella' was a song written for Britney Spears, but she refused it? Poor Britney... The song Umbrella managed first place in Germany, Canada, U.S.A., etc.! It was a great success!Her second single was 'Shut up and Drive', it hadn't the same success as Umbrella, but it managed first place in some charts. After that, Rihanna had a similar success as Umbrella with the song 'Don't Stop the Music', it was the most played song in the discotheques!After all of that success, Rihanna released her fourth single of Good Girl Gone Bad: 'Hate that I love You', a song who Rihanna sings with Ne-Yo. Later, she made a version with David Bisbal! Bisbal sang in Spanish and Rihanna in English, logically. Another Rihanna's success!After Good Girl Gone Bad, Rihanna decided to released another album, called 'Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded'. It has the same songs as Good Girl Gone Bad, and also 'Hate that I Love You' with David Bisbal, 'If I Never See Your Face Again' with Maroon 5, and her last singles: 'Take a Bow' and 'Disturbia'.Rihanna is my favourite singer, and she has become a great singer nowadays.
Rihanna es una de las cantantes más famosas actualmente. Probablemente has escuchado una de sus canciones: "Umbrella", "Don't Stop the Music", "Hate that I Love You"...Rihanna nació el 20 de Febrero del 1988 en Barbados. Comenzó a cantar cuando era una niña, pero sólo lo hacía en las obras del colegio.Publicó su primer álbum cuando tenía 17 años, se llama "Music of the Sun", pero sólo tuvo un single: "Pon de Replay".El segundo álbum fue "A Girl Like Me", fue publicado un año después de "Music of the Sun". Aumentó la popularidad de Rihanna como cantante. A Girl Like Me tuvo tres singles: "S.O.S.", "Unfaithful" y "We Ride".Otro año después de "A Girl Like Me", Rihanna publicó "Good Girl Gone Bad" un álbum que hizo a Rihanna una cantante muy popular y famosa, conocida por todo el mundo gracias al primer single de Good Girl Gone Bad: "Umbrella". ¿Sabías que Umbrella fue una cancion escrita para Britney Spears, pero ella la rechazó? Pobre Britney... ¡La canción Umbrella logró el primer puesto en Alemania, Canadá, U.S.A., etc! ¡Fue un gran éxito!Su segundo single fue "Shut up and Drive", no tuvo el mismo éxito que Umbrella, pero logró el primer puesto en algunas listas de éxitos. Despues de eso, Rihanna tuvo un éxito similar al de Umbrella con la canción "Dont Stop the Music", ¡fue la canción más tocada en las discotecas!Tras todo ese éxito, Rihanna publicó su cuatro single de Good Girl Gone Bad: "Hate that I love You", una canción que Rihanna canta con Ne-Yo. Más tarde, ¡hizo otra versión con David Bisbal! Bisbal cantaba en español y Rihanna en inglés, lógicamente. ¡Otro éxito de Rihanna!Después de Good Girl Gone Bad, Rihanan deicidó publicar otro álbum, llamado "Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded". Tiene las mismas canciones que Good Girl Gone Bad, y además "Hate that I love You" con David Bisbal, "If I Never See Your Face Again" con Maroon 5, y sus últimos singles: "Take a Bow" y "Disturbia".Rihanna es mi cantante favorita, y se ha convertido en una gran cantante hoy en día.



We use Present Continuous for the following situations:
- To talk about actions running now (in present) but they are not habits.
i.e. You are reading this text at the moment.
- To talk about temporary actions (not permanent).
i.e. This year I am studying 3er. ESO
- To talk about annoying habits.
i.e. She is always singing during my classes.
- For future arrangements (plans)
i.e. I am seeing the dentist on Tuesday.
- For actions running at the same time in the present

i.e. I am watching TV while my wife is reading a book.

We form the Present Continuous as follows:
Present of To Be (am/are/is) + Gerund (V+ing)

We us To Be as the auxilliary verb for questions and negative.
i.e. You are sending an email to me now
i.e. She isn't studying at the moment

There are typical time expressions used with the Present Continuous: now, at the moment, right now, this year, these days, nowadays...

When we form the Gerund by adding the -ing suffix, some verbs suffer changes:

- Final voiceless -e is dropped: have>having

- Group -ie > y: lie>lying

- 1 syllable cvc, double consonant: put>putting

- If final syllable is tonic, double consonant: forget>forgetting

- Final l is double: travel>travelling



Would you like to share your free time helping others? Do you want to change the World? Join Young Volunteers. Your activity will consist of social action and human formation. Working time: 1 hour/week and more in case it is necessary. This job requires responsibility because no body else but you will do what you do: there are not substitutes.
More info: Contact Juan Luis Revuelta ("Juanlu") or San Francisco's Community Office.
¿Te gustaría compartir tu tiempo con los demás? ¿Quieres cambiar el mundo? Únete a Jóvenes Voluntarios. El horario de trabajo sería de una hora a la semana con ampliación en cualquier momento. La actividad se concreta en acción social, formación personal y voluntariado. Este puesto requiere responsabilidad ya que lo que la persona no haga, nadie lo va a hacer por él.
Más información: Contactar con Juan Luis Revuelta ("Juanlu") o acudir a la Parroquia San Francisco.


We use Present Simple for the following situations:
- To talk about habits and permanent situations.
i.e. I usually get up at 6.50 a.m.
- To talk about general truths o general descriptions.
i.e. The earth moves aroung the sun
- To talk about timetables.
i.e. The train to Madrid leaves the station at 10.00 p.m.
- For near future
i.e. I see you later, ok?

We form the Present Simple as follows:
Infinitive (without 'to') + s/es (if 3rd person singular)
i.e. You usually send emails to me
i.e. She usually sends emails to me

The auxilliary verb for questions and negative is do/does.
i.e. Do you send emails to me?
i.e. Does she send emails to me?
i.e. You don't send emails to me
i.e. She doesn't send emails to me

There are typical adverbs and time expressions used with the Present Simple: always, often, everyday, sometimes, hardly ever, never, usually, normally, habitually, every Monday, every two days, etc. The adverbs refering to frequency are called frequency adverbs and they always go before/preceding the main verb but always behind the verb to be.



By: Beatriz A.M., 3rd-B Primary
Bea, singing a song of hers and playing the guitar.

Bea, cantando una de sus canciones y tocando la guitarra.



SAFA San Luis teacher Fuensanta Lupiani, belonging to Science Department, is in charge of the contents and updates of the website Galilei.com.es. You will find interesting and useful information. Ask Fuensanta if you want to publish something related to science. The name of the site, Galilei.com.es, comes from Galilei, father of modern science who established the scientific method.
La profesora de SAFA San Luís Fuensanta Lupiani, perteneciente al Departamento de Ciencias, está a cargo de los contenidos y actualizaciones del sitio web Galilei.com.es. Encontrarás información útil e interesante. Pregunta a Fuensanta si quieres publicar algo relacionado con las ciencias. El nombre del sitio web viene de Galilei, padre de la ciencia moderna, el cual estableció el método científico.


TENzine Podcast available!

Good news! TENzine Podcast, our audio service is available from now on. You will find a link in the menu. Also, you can connect directly typing the address http://podcast.tenzine.com.es
What can you find in TENZine Podcast? The answer is simple: audio files corresponding to English classes. We offer the same explanations for general grammar points. This way, you can make revision or improve both your listening comprehension and pronunciation skills. You can listen to the audio files online or you can download them to your computer, your MP3 player or your mobile phone.
We offer the service under Creative Commons license 2.5: You can copy or distribute it freely if you mention us, but file edition or commerce are prohibited.
¡Buenas noticias! TENzine Podcast, nuestro servicio de audio ya está disponible de ahora en adelante. Encontrareis un enlace en el menú. También podéis conectar directamente tecleando la dirección http://podcast.tenzine.com.es. ¿Qué podéis encontrar en TENzine Podcast? La respuesta es sencilla: ficheros de audio correspondientes a las clases de inglés. Ofrecemos las mismas explicaciones para los puntos gramaticales generales. De este modo podrás repasar o mejorar tus destrezas de compresión lectora o de pronunciación. Puedes oir los archivos online o puedes descargarlos a tu ordenador, tu reproductor MP3 o tu teléfono móvil. Ofrecemos el servicio bajo licencia Creative Commons 2.5: Puedes copiar o distribuir libremente los archivos siempre que nos menciones, pero está prohibida la edición de los archivos o comerciar con ellos.



By: Inmaculada Mesa, 1st BTO C
Really, this is a very good question and it´s very difficult to answer it.
If I think for a moment, I am now fifteen years old and only a few months ago I had to choose what I would like to be in the future.
In my opinion I know that only a few people of fifteen or sixteen years old can correctly choose their future studies and their jobs.
For example in my case I have always been very worried about my life and my future. In fact, since I was a child I wanted to be a politician or maybe work as an important businesswoman, but in March when I needed to know what I wanted, I didn´t know.
This is only my situation, I think that I have decided and I am going to study to be a lawyer or a businesswoman. Like me there are a lot of people, but there are young people older than me that have thought about their futures, they have their ambitions and they are going to try to get them.
On the other hand, I agree with people, normally old people, that say that youth is very irresponsible and we only think about having fun, because is the same as me on weekends.
As a conclusion, it could be useful if young people sometimes thought about this question because nobody really knows what he or she wants for life.
¿Sabe la gente joven realmente lo que quiere para la vida? Realmente, esta es una muy buena pregunta y es dificil contestarla
Si pienso por un momento, solo tengo ahora quince años y hace solo unos pocos meses tuve que elegir lo que me gustaria ser en el futuro.
En mi opinion se que solo unas pocas personas de quince o dieciseis años pueden elegir correctamente sus estudios futuros y sus trabajos.
Por ejemplo en mi caso siempre he estado preocupada sobre mi vida y mi futuro. De hecho, desde que yo era una niña queria ser una politica o quizas trabajar como una importante empresaria, pero en marzo cuando necesitaba saber que queria, no lo sabia.
Esta es solo mi situacion, pienso que he decidido y voy a estudiar para ser una abogada o una empresaria. Como yo hay mucha gente, pero hay jovenes mas mayores que yo que han pensado sobre sus futuros, ellos tienen ambiciones y van a intentar conseguirlas.
Por otro lado, estoy de acuerdo con gente, normalmente gente mayor, que dicen que la juventud es muy irresponsable y pensamos solo en pasarlo bien, porque es lo mismo que hago yo los fines de semana.
Como conclusión, podria ser util si la gente joven a veces pensara sobre esta pregunta porque nadie realmente sabe que quiere el o ella para su vida.



Institution SAFA has prepared an ambitious plan for the improvement of English in all its centres. This plan has just started and you will notice it during the course. One of its aims is to make students study in a real English context so that they use English all the time. The contents and activities refering to students are the following:
  • English contextualization
  • Course book Websites for revision or self-assesment.
  • Student Exchange Programmea
  • Training Periods in Europe for FP students
  • English Camps
  • Extra-school activities to improve conversational skills
  • English Activities during SAFA week.
  • End of Year Camp in English.
La Institución SAFA ha preparado un ambicioso plan para mejorar el Inglés en todos sus centros. Este plan acaba de comenzar y lo notarás a lo largo del curso. Uno de sus objetivos es hacer que los alumnos estudien en un contexto lo más real posible en inglés de tal manera que tenga que usar el inglés todo el tiempo. Los contenidos y las actividades referentes a los alumnos son las siguientes: Contextualización en inglés, Sitios web de los libros de texto para recuperación y refuerzo, Programas de intercambio, Formación en Centros de trabajo para alumnos de FP, Campamentos en inglés, Actividades Extraescolares de conversación en inglés, Actividades en inglés durante la Semana de Identidad SAFA, Campamento Fin de Curso en inglés.



There are 3 types of tenses: Continuous, Perfect & Simple

Present Continuous, Past Continuos, Future Continuous

  • Meaning: action running at a specific moment in the past, in the present or in the future.
  • Structure: 'TO BE' (present, past or future) + GERUND (Verb-ING)
  • Examples: 'You are reading this text right now'; 'I was sleeping at 7 a.m. this morning'; 'I will be having lunch at 3 o'clock'
Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Future Perfect
  • Meaning: action done before the present, before a moment in the past or before a moment in the future.
  • Structure: 'TO HAVE' (present, past or future) + PAST PARTICIPLE (V-ED)
  • Examples: 'You have read about Continuous'; 'The train had left before I arrived at the station'; 'I will have finished my homework before you call me tomorrow'
SIMPLE TENSES: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple
  • Meaning: not continuous or not perfect
  • Structure: variable
They are "like a mix" between Continuous and Perfect. And we have Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Perfect Continuous
  • Meaning: action running non-stop until a moment in the present, in the past or in the future
  • Structure: 'TO HAVE' (present, past, future) + BEEN + GERUND (V-ING)
  • Examples: 'I have been living in El Puerto all my life'; 'I had been studying for hours by the time you called me'; 'I will have been studying for 10 years before going to university'


The usual word order of the elements in an English sentence is the following Short Form:
S + V + I + D + How + Place + Time
'I sent my friend a book by SEUR to Granada last day'

But we can also use the Long Form:
S + V + D + to I + How + Place + Time
'I sent a book to my friend by SEUR to Granada last day'
You have to use Long Form with some verbs (recommend, introduce, ...) and when the Direct Object is a pronoun.
'I recommend this book to you because it is so good'
'I sent it to my friend last day'

Also, we can place Time at the beggining, preceeding by colon:
Time, S + V + I + D + How + Place
'Last day, I sent a book to my friend'

Be careful about Frequency Adverbs, whose position is
Before the main verb, but always after verb "to be"
'Do you usually go to school by car?'
'I never go to school by car'
'He is always asking questions in class'

Any questions? Ask your teacher!



Mr. Jose Manuel Amaya, Head Assistant for ESO

1. Where do you come from?
- Chiclana de la Frontera
2. What and where did you study?
- Degree in Ship Radioelectronics from University of Cadiz
3. Where in the world would you like to go?
- Scotland (UK)
4. A dream you would like to come true?
- Ooooops! There are a lot!
5. Do you admire any historical character?
- Albert Einstein
6. Think of a reason to study at SAFA San Luis.
-It offers quality.
7. What is your favourite subject and why?
-Electricity: it’s my especiality
8. The last book you have read or a book to recommend.
-“El Sistema Copérnico”
9. A movie you like or a movie to recommend.
-“Brave Heart” with Mel Gibson; “Hombres de honor”
10. Did you fail any subject as student?
-Yes, like many other people. But I learnt a lot of it. For that reason, I worked a lot to pass all subjects in the future.
11. Have you got any hobby?
-Sport, guitar and informatics
12. Which do you prefer sea, mountain or country?
-The sea
13. Do you like art? What is your favourite artist or piece of art if any?
-Yes. Leonardo Da Vinci. “La Monalisa”
14. A favourite song, group or kind of music.
-Flamenco music in general. One group: El Barrio.
15. A TV programme you try not to miss.
-Well, a bit of all. I only watch TV when I have time.
16. Your favourite teacher and why.
-One of my professors in the University. He was a completely crack for mathematics.
17. A place in El Puerto you like in especial?
-Its beaches.
18. How much English do you know?
-Hmmmm! (answering the Spanish questionnaire)
19. Could you suggest a question for the following interview?



Dear students,
This year, we are using course books by Oxford Univerity Press. As you have been told by your teacher, each course book has a corresponding website in the Internet. You will find the appropriate link in the 'Resources' section of the Student's menu of TENzine.
The course book website offers you a wide range of materials (games, activities, audio, etc.) to review all contents of each unit. Of course you can also use it to improve your knowledge or even try things of a higher level.
What at you waiting for? Have a look and try!
You need a username (oupeltbachs1454) and a password (hiblea) to enter the site. Have fun!
Queridos alumnos:
Este año utilizaremos libros de texto de la editorial Oxford. Como ya te habrá informado tu profesor, cada libro de texto tiene su correspondiente sitio web en Internet. Encontrarás el enlace apropiado en la sección 'Recursos' del menú Students de TENzine.
El sitio web del libro ofrece una amplia variedad de materiales (juegos, actividades, audio, etc.) para repasar todos los contenidos de cada unidad. Por supuesto, también puedes usarlo para mejorar tu conocimiento del inglés o incluso intentar con un nivel superior.
¿A qué estás esperando? ¡Echa un vistazo y prueba!
Necesitas tu usuario (oupeltbachs1454) y tu contraseña (hiblea) para acceder al sitio. ¡Pásalo bien!